Previously, we wrote a lot articles about the lighting of kitchens, dining rooms, living rooms, offices, bedrooms, etc. However, there is one area often overlooked, it is the stairs. The lighting of stairs often takes second place, but the importance of good lighting for the stairs must not be underestimated.
How to design stairs?
The first point you should consider before designing a stair is what size of the stairs needs to be by measuring the total rise. So, what is the total rise? It is the measurement from the finished floor below to the finished floor level above. Secondly, it is time to choose where to put a staircase. It is recommended that the stair should be built near the front door and if possible, you can go straight to the stair from the front door without crossing any other room. The reason behind is that stair will have to be considered as a fire escape route.
When you done with all those things above, we come to choose the material step. It is mainly about 4 types of materials usually applied which are Wood, Glass and Acrylic, Stone and Concrete and Metal. Wood is a perfect choice for those traditional homes. It is strong, flexible and maintains a timeless look. Coming to Glass and Acrylic materials, they together with contemporary interiors are a good combination, adding a touch of contemporary glamour to the house. About metal, it is good for spiral or straight flights, but you've better carefully design these stairs or else it will look overly industrial. Lastly, stone and concrete, it is a perfect way to create a sense of solidity. Furthermore, an important factor when designing steps for the stair is also the family situation and the pets. People living with small children or pets recognize the problematic issues, for example, between the treads and risers, and generally prefer closed staircase solutions.
Designing light for stairs
The most common problem with stair is usually the lack of light, either natural or artificial, especially with those located in the centre of the house away from main windows. A dark stairway is extremely dangerous which sometimes can create a painful outcome when you misstep. That is the reason why there is a need to install lighting for stairs. Depending on your personal taste as well as architectural constraints, you will choose a suitable manner for the stairs. There mainly 3 possible position for designing light on stairs which are on the wall, on the railing and on the ceiling.
On the wall
Types of spots are usually chosen to make wall lighting for stairs are recessed and mounted spots which are quite subtle. When you design lighting by this way, we recommend you should place them 15 to 20 cm above every third step. By doing this way, the light will reach more sufficiently and evenly illuminate the entire stairway. Whereas, installing the spots at a lower height likely requires more spots to get enough bright for safety use.
On the handrail or tread
If you are looking for an invisible way to light your stairway, lighting on the handrail or tread might be a suitable solution for you. By using LED strips installing along the handrails, you can easily light up the whole stairway without visible spots. In addition, the height of the handrail provides excellent light distribution and light on both sides of the stairway. Another way is to hide the light source under each tread. When not illuminated the LED Strips recessed into the underside of the step is invisible. When lit it creates a beautifully soft floating effect like the one in the picture below. This lights the tread below as well as casting wonderful shadows under the stair case.
On the ceiling
The last way to light a stairway is from the ceiling. This is only possible when there is no second stairway above the first stairway (this is important for wiring reasons). For example, install recessed spots or mounted spots in the ceiling or use pendant lamps.